The Hospital of Special Surgery (also known as HSS) is located on the upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City, New York. It is the preeminent orthopedic hospital in the world and consistently ranked at the top of the list of best hospitals overall in the U.S. for orthopedics and rheumatology. Fifty two HSS affiliated doctors were recently named as the best physicians in all of New York City.
HSS is not only considered the best orthopedic hospital in the US, it is the oldest. The hospital was founded in 1863 and was originally known as the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled. Starting out with 28 beds, inpatient services were limited to children, adults were treated, but on an outpatient basis.
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In 1870 the HSS moved from its original site on Second Avenue to a building on the corner of Lexington and 42nd Street; with an expanded capacity of 200 beds. HSS opened its first operating room in 1888 at this location. Relocation to a larger building took place in 1912; the hospital came to its present address in 1955. The current bed capacity is 205 and 277 medical professional are presently employed at the HSS.
Aside from treating patients, the HSS conducts research on diseases of the musculoskeletal system and clinical trials related to the autoimmune disease lupus and arthritis. Other research at the hospital is concerned with sports injury, osteoporosis, other autoimmune diseases, scoliosis and any other related conditions of the musculoskeletal system. The HSS also hosts one of the most prestigious and competitive orthopedic residency programs in the world.
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HSS is considered the number one hospital in the world for joint replacement surgery and is well known for performing more knee replacement surgery than any other American Hospital; more than 25,000 orthopedic surgeries annually.. This expertise means that surgeons at the HSS each perform over 300 joint replacement surgeries in a year, making them unrivaled in experience in the country. In contrast the average orthopedic surgeon elsewhere in the U.S. may perform around fifty procedures a year. HSS surgeons also have higher than average experience with rare injuries and conditions which orthopedic surgeons elsewhere might never encounter during the life of their entire practice.
The staff at HSS is also experts in sports medicine; spinal surgery; and both acute and congenital disorders of the spine. The surgeons also perform limb lengthening surgeries which involve not just the remodeling of the bones but also muscles, ligaments, blood vessels and surrounding soft tissue.
In addition to being able to boast the best orthopedic care in the world, the HSS also leads in radiological imaging; excellence in nursing and regional anesthesiology technology. Regional anesthesiology greatly reduces healing time, risk of complications including infection, pain and duration of surgery itself.
The physicians and therapists at HSS are the team doctors and athletic training directors for over seventeen professional and college athletics programs in the United States.
Patient satisfaction is ranks very high, with special notice given to the efficiency of the facility, reduced appointment waiting times, friendliness of staff, cleanliness, consolidated patient records system and atmosphere at the Hospital for Special Surgery.